China is a unique country with a culture like no other, a deep history, delicious food, and cities that seem to grow more and more every day. Making the decision to move to China is incredibly exciting. However, before arriving in China, there is a lot to think about and plan for. Here are 5 important things to consider before making your big move:
1. Getting There
Getting to China is not known for being cheap. Depending on where you are coming from, a one way flight can be well over one thousand dollars. However, here are a few things you can do to help you get to China, and still have some money leftover:
- Be flexible
Being flexible with your flight can easily cut your plane price in half. Many airlines have an option for flexible dates, or have a fare calendar that can help show you general flight costs for the entire year. Some of my personal favorite flight engine sites are Skycanner.com and Google Flights.
- Fly out during the week
By avoiding popular flights on the weekends, you can save hundreds of dollars. Often a one or two day difference can make a huge difference in cost.
- Don’t buy your ticket a year in advance
Earlier is not always better when it comes to buying flights. Often that sweet spot for international flights ranges anywhere from 4-8 weeks. Use resources like the Kayak flight predictor to help guide you in making sure you get the best deal out there.
Getting your visa is one of the most important factors to think about when moving to China. Your country of origin, how long you will be staying in China, and why you will be in China all play important roles. If you are planning on living in China permanently, you will want the D Visa (“China Green Card”), but more likely you’ll be looking to get a Q (family visit), X (study) or Z (work) visa. For more information on visas, please see this guide on Chinese Visas.
2. What to pack
Deciding what to pack for your move to China can be quite overwhelming at times. Of course, what you bring does depend on what part of China you are moving to. You need to look at factors such as climate, culture, and the size of the city or town you will be living in. Although everyone’s packing list will be a little different, here are a few suggestions on things to bring that are important for everyone:
- Pepto Bismol and Antibiotics
Anytime I’m traveling anywhere I bring a few basic drugs and first aid items just in case. One of the items that should always be on your list are medication for stomach problems.China has a fun and amazing food culture. You will likely be trying all kinds of unique dishes that your stomach is not used to. Bringing a basic medicine like Tums, Pepto Bismol, and antibiotics for traveler’s diarrhea will become a life saver. The last thing you want to do when you’re not feeling good is to go searching for medicine.
Although it is recommended to try and learn some Mandarin before moving to China, sometimes you just need a cheat sheet once in a while. Bringing a phrasebook could become extremely helpful if you find yourself needing directions, or simply ordering food. You can also read through the phrasebook while on long train rides to improve your language vocabulary.
I often like to purchase toiletries once I arrive to a new place to save room in my luggage. However, I suggest bringing a few basics, as some toiletries are not as easy to find in China. In particular, I recommend bringing your own deodorant, as options can be very limited in parts of China.
For more tips and information on what to pack, check out this guide on What to Bring to China.
3. The Language
In some touristy areas you may find some Chinese who speak English, but the farther you go from these touristy destinations, the less and less English you will hear. If you want to enjoy your experience living in China, it is a very good idea to learn some Mandarin. While there are many dialects within China, which can make things a little challenging at times, if you at least know the basics you should be fine. Here a few of my favorite resources for learning Mandarin:
4. The Great Firewall
When moving to China it is important to remember that China has very strict internet censorship that is also referred to as The Great Firewall. Internet usage is still greatly encouraged in China, but huge sites such as Facebook, Google and YouTube are blocked. If you are going to be living in China, it may be beneficial to find a few Virtual Private Networks (VPN) to use on your phone or home computer. These VPNs will allow you to bypass blocks, gain access to Web sites from all around the world, and be able to communicate with family and friends back home with ease.
5. Getting Around
Taking on public transportation can be intimidating and frustrating at times, but also quite the adventure. Each city has its own forms of public transportation; you will need to learn about your city, and what is the most common and efficient method of transportation there.
However, knowing about the various ways of getting around China is one thing, but actually using them is another. I have found that downloading a few China specific location and transportation apps can be extremely helpful when first arriving in a new city. Here are a few of my favorite apps to use for transportation in China:
- Metro China Subway: A guide to the metro subways of China’s most popular cities. It will help guide you on the times and fares of metro systems all over China.
- China Trains: This will help guide you on train schedules and how to book your tickets. Trains in China are particularly helpful for traveling longer distances.
- Beijing Taxi Guide and Offline Maps: This app is great for those who haven’t quite grasped Mandarin yet. It will pull up cards to translate to taxi drivers where you would like to go, and it has an offline map feature to help you navigate without internet.